Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

by Alec Groysman

This book Provides concrete solutions to numerous corrosion problems arising in the oil refining and petrochemical industry. Presented in an easily accessible, clear, and logical style Includes scientifically sound explanations.

Hardcover, 349 pages

Expected publication:
October 23rd 2016 by Springer

About the Book

 

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

People Say...

By Dr. Tomáš Prošek

President of the Czech Society of Corrosion Engineers

Technopark Kralupy of the University of Chemistry and Technology Prague

Žižkova 7, 278 01 Kralupy nad Vltavou

Czech Republic

Recently, a third book of established chemist, corrosion engineer and scholar, Dr. Alec Groysman, has been published by Springer. The book summarizes author’s 40-year experience in corrosion protection of oil refining and petrochemical facilities. It is logically organised, providing a systematic overview of process units of oil refineries and petrochemical plants with precise description of involved chemistries and relevant types of corrosion problems sorted by mechanisms. Separated chapters are focused on corrosion control methods and means of corrosion monitoring.

Principal audience of the book are corrosion, maintenance and chemical engineers. Accordingly, the book concentrates on depiction of main sources of corrosion problems and their optimal solutions. The core strength of the book is thus the focus on practical aspects of corrosion prevention. General knowledge is supported by a large number of case studies. They are very well documented, including descriptions of conditions leading to failures, location and material composition of failed parts, service time, appearance, additional examinations or analyses, failure mechanisms and recommended solutions. The case studies are accompanied with photographs, metallographic assessments and records of corrosion monitoring when needed. They represent valuable source of data allowing for prevention of similar problems in other refineries.

Since the book is focused on the practical side of corrosion control in oil refining and petrochemical industry, the author avoids lengthy discussions of fundamental aspects of described failure modes. These are indeed explained but in a condensed form useful for operational engineers. Anyway, each chapter is accompanied with a short list of resources for further reading to assist those who look for details.

Useful are also appendices treating specific aspects of corrosion prevention in oil and refining industries. For example, properties of crude oils, physicochemical properties of sulphur compounds, data on relevant metal alloys and procedures for cleaning and passivation of metal surfaces are given. The book has a good glossary and index. A nice idea was to include a dictionary of American and British English terms used in the industry.

The book is well written and easy to read. It is a great compendium of practical knowledge with briefly described underlying mechanisms representing an irreplaceable source of data and knowledge for corrosion engineers and consultants active in oil refining. It can also be recommended to academics seeking trustable industry-relevant information. Obviously, it is the right step in the lifetime pursuit of the author to fight corrosion by spreading knowledge as he estimates that missing information and human errors are responsible for up to 65–85 % of corrosion cases dealt with in the oil and petrochemical industries.

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